• Earlier, gunfight started in Ladoora area of Rafiabad soon after terrorists attacked patrolling party of 32 RR today. Ladoora and its adjoining areas are sealed by security forces as a precautionary measure to maintain law and order following the encounter. During naka, the terrorist fired upon the naka party which was retaliated, ensuing an encounter. During retaliation, the terrorist got injured, however, he managed to escape from the spot and entered into a residential house. The naka party immediately cordoned off the house and in the meanwhile CRPF and Army also joined the operation. During search, the hidden terrorist fired again upon the search party. The fire was retaliated and in the ensuing encounter the said terrorist got killed who was identified as Khalid Shahid Showkat.

  • Union Ministers Dharmendra Pradhan and R.K. Singh, along with senior officials from NITI Aayog, PMO, Petroleum Ministry and Finance Ministry were also present. Various participants appreciated the progress and reforms made in India in the last three years. Participants appreciated the pace and drive with which Prime Minister Modi has brought about reform in the energy sector. Thanking the participants for sharing their views, the Prime Minister said that many suggestions received in the last meeting in 2016 have helped policy making. He also said that scope for reform in many areas still exists. The Prime Minister appreciated the focussed suggestions made by the participants

  • Blindness of the cornea is among the leading causes of blindness globally. It may occur due to many causes. CAUSES OF CORNEAL DAMAGE • Corneal ulceration • Something hitting or blowing into the eye, like plant matter or sugarcane leaves • Injury due to sawdust or ash • Foreign matter in the eye like dust, dirt or sand • Improperly fitted or maintained contact lenses • Certain eye conditions, including trachoma, a bacterial infection; • Exposure to the chemicals • Injury while working with the machines • Trauma to eye in a road crash • Injury at Industrial site Cornea is the outermost layer of the eye and is highly sensitive. It receives nourishment from tears and the aqueous humour; in order to refract light, the cornea must remain transparent and cloud-free. Scarring of the cornea caused by a wide variety of infectious and inflammatory diseases or injury leads to severe vision loss and blindness. CORNEAL BLINDNESS: PREVENTION • Do not let the holi colors get into the eye • Wear glasses and be cautious while lighting the fire crackers • Avoid use of choona and chewing tobacco • Do not touch or rub the eye after handling the choona packet • Keep the choona packet away from the reach of children • Take precautions during the whitewash being done at home • Wear protective glasses while working in industrial environment • Keep needle and scissors away from children • Teach children safe use of pencil or compass in the geometry box • Do not let the children play with sharp objects • Wear a helmet on two wheeler Taking precautions may help in better control and prevention of corneal blindness.

  • In a very warm gesture, CRPF soldiers were welcomed with a thunderous applause at Jammu airport on October 8 when they entered the terminal to board their flight to Srinagar. The moment the soldiers entered through the airport doors, passengers waiting to board their respective flights gave them a standing ovation, expressing their gratitude and honouring them for fighting selflessly for the nation. The felicitation continued till the last man left the terminal building for the aircraft. It was a very warm gesture by the public towards the uniform which encourages the Force personnel to serve the motherland with utmost zeal and devotion. CRPF reiterates its commitment towards the service of the country and countrymen.

  • The committee is one of the five committees which was set up by the UGC on 25 April to look into complaints of irregularities against 10 central universities. The panel was supposed to look into infrastructure and the academic, research and financial operations in these universities. The committee has suggested that AMU should either be called 'Aligarh University' or be named after its founder, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. A similar reason is given for the recommendation of changing BHU's name too. The logic being given for this is that AMU is a centrally-funded university and is thus a secular institution.

  • A number of schemes and projects are likely to be announced in Amethi with the functions also being attended by the UP chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. Irani is likely to attend the launch of a FM station at Gauriganj and an initiative to save Gomti river near Pipri village, according to the sources. The Union Minister will also attend the inauguration of a tuberculosis unit at the district hospital and a primary health centre at Odari Tiloi, and attend other public welfare programmes launched by the state and central government. She will also visit Steel Authority of India Ltd facility in Jagdishpur. BJP chief Amit Shah will also join Irani on Tuesday in Amethi. The visit is sending a clear message that the current regime believed in all-round development of the state and was not meting out any "step-motherly treatment" to the areas where the BJP had failed to make a mark.

  • Those dreading the approach of the festival of lights due to the accompanying air pollution from firecrackers in Delhi-NCR can breathe easy. Supreme Court had last year on November 11, suspended all licences which permit the sale of fireworks, wholesale and retail within the territory of NCR. Diwali falls on the 19th of October this year which means no firecrackers will be available in the region ahead of the festival of lights

  • The fest, to be held in multiple venues, including Anna University, Central Leather Research Institute (CSIR-CLR) here will feature a series of events, he said. Stating that the response to the fest was overwhelming, he said after the science festival, there "should be good quality scientific temper and passion." On the progress made by premier research institution CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research), he said the institution which last year was at the 12th position among about 1,200 government funded research institutions worldwide, had moved up to ninth rank as per the Scimago Institutions ranking World Report 2017. Similarly in global ranking for private and public funded institutions, CSIR which held the 99th position, had improved to 75th rank among about 5200 institutions across the world. Besides Anna varsity and CSIR-CLRI, events will be held at Structural Engineering Research Centre (CSIR-SERC), National Institute of Ocean Technology and IIT-Madras, he added. A meeting of Science and Technology Ministers will be held on the inaugural day of the festival at IIT Madras here. 'Science village,' a programme intended to give exposure to students from rural areas on the country's achievements in science and technology, a summit on innovative technologies from several States, a conclave of women scientists and entrepreneurs, an industry academia interaction are among the events that have been lined up for the science festival. Union Ministries of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences and Vijnana Bharati together have been organising the India International Science Festival since 2015. The initiative is to encourage scientific temper among the people and showcase Indian contributions in science and technology.

  • The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) camera on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter observed Phobos on September 29. Researchers combined visible-wavelength and infrared data to produce an image color-coded for surface temperatures of this moon, which has been considered for a potential future human-mission outpost. "Although THEMIS has been at Mars for 16 years, this was the first time we have been able to turn the spacecraft around to look at Phobos," said Jonathon Hill, THEMIS Mission Planner. "This half-moon view of Phobos was chosen because it allowed us to observe a wide range of temperatures on the surface," said Hill. Phobos has an oblong shape with an average diameter of about 22 kilometers. Cameras on other Mars orbiters have previously taken higher-resolution images of Phobos, but none with the infrared information available from THEMIS. Observations in multiple bands of thermal-infrared wavelengths can yield information about the mineral composition of the surface, as well as the surface texture. One major question about Phobos and Mars' even smaller moon, Deimos, is whether they are captured asteroids or bits of Mars knocked into the sky by impacts. Compositional information from THEMIS might help pin down their origin. Since Odyssey began orbiting the Red Planet in 2001, THEMIS has provided compositional and thermal-properties information from all over Mars, but never before imaged either Martian moon. The observation was completed to validate that the spacecraft could safely do so, as the start of a possible series of observations of Phobos and Deimos in coming months.

  • The study, led by researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) in Spain, assessed the impact of to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and black carbon during the walking commute to and from school. The findings of an earlier study had shown that 20 per cent of a child's daily dose of black carbon - a pollutant directly related to traffic - is inhaled during urban commutes. "The results of earlier toxicological and experimental studies have shown that these short exposures to very high concentrations of pollutants can have a disproportionately high impact on health," said Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, researcher at ISGlobal. "The detrimental effects may be particularly marked in children because of their smaller lung capacity and higher respiratory rate," said Alvarez-Pedrerol, first author of the study published in the journal Environmental Pollution. The study was carried out in Barcelona and enrolled over 1,200 children aged from seven to 10, from 39 schools, all of whom walked to school on a daily basis. The children's working memory and attention capacity was assessed several times during the 12-month study. Their exposure to air pollution over the same period was calculated on the basis of estimated levels on the shortest walking route to their school. Statistical analysis of the findings showed that exposure to PM2.5 and black carbon was associated with a reduction in the growth of working memory - an interquartile range increase in PM 2.5 and black carbon levels was associated with a decline of 4.6 per cent and 3.9 per cent, respectively, in expected annual growth of working memory. No significant associations were found with exposure to NO2 and none of the pollutants studied were observed to have any effect on attention capacity. In this study, boys were much more sensitive than girls to the effects of both PM2.5 and black carbon. However, walking or cycling to school - which builds physical activity into the child's daily routine - has health benefits that outweigh any negative impact of air pollution, said Jordi Sunyer, head of ISGlobal's Child Health Programme. "The fact that children who walk to school may be more exposed to pollution does not mean that children who commute by car or on public transport are not also exposed to high levels," said Sunyer. "The solution is the same for everyone: reduce the use of private vehicles for the school run and create less polluted and safer home-to-school routes," said Alvarez-Pedrerol.

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